Consortium of Pacific Herbaria Collections

Select a collection to see full details.

Amith Sample Data

This is a sample dataset.
Contact: Jonathan Amith (

Australasian Virtual Herbarium

Herbaria in Australia and New Zealand house over seven million plant, algae and fungi specimens. Herbarium specimens are an important resource for research on the Australian flora and provide a permanent record of the occurrence of a species at a particular place and time. AVH provides access to the collecting data associated with these specimens. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides dynamic access to the wealth of plant specimen data held by Australian herbaria. AVH is a collaborative project of the Commonwealth, state and territory herbaria, under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH). Herbarium specimens are accompanied by information on where and when they were collected, by whom, their current identification, and information on habitat and associated species. So far, approximately 75 per cent of the specimens housed in Australian herbaria have been databased. AVH is a dynamic resource. New specimen records are added as herbaria continue to database their ever-growing collections, and existing records are updated to reflect name changes and data validation work.
Contact: ()

Belau National Herbarium

The establishment of the Natural History Section has provided an opportunity to acquire old plant specimen collections from the former Division of Conservation and Entomology. Belau National Museum is an important archive of valuable scientific natural history specimens including 5000 herbaria specimens, a pinned insect collection, and a newly acquired marine mollusk (sea shell) collection. The museum's archives of specimens and literature are an important national resource for the support of educational, cultural and conservation programs. In this context, the mission of the Natural History Section is to collect, identify, catalog, preserve and educate the public about the terrestrial biological diversity of Palau with special emphasis on plants and animals that have cultural significance. The Natural History Section has several staff including Ann Kitalong (biologist), Soleh Hanser, and Alan R. Olsen, entomologist.
Contact: Ann Kitalong (

Bhutan specimen records

This collection is an assemblage of specimen records from Bhutan but not currently accessible through the National Biodiversity Centre National Herbarium. The National Herbarium was initially started by the Department of Forests and Parks Services in conjunction with the Flora of Bhutan Project in the mid 1970s. In 1987 the herbarium was moved to Taba and housed with the forest research library under the Forest Research Division. With the establishment of National Biodiversity Centre in 1999, the herbarium was moved to the present location at Serbithang. The new herbarium building at Serbithang was completed in 2002, with funding support from DANIDA. Currently, the herbarium houses more than 10,000 collections of Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, Pteridophytes and Byrophytes.
Contact: Rinchen Yangzom (

D.T. Fleming Arboretum

The D.T. Fleming Arboretum is a statewide in-situ seed bank and plant recovery reserve for the restoration of south Maui's native forest. Visitors are enriched with Pu'u Mahoe's unique beauty while learning about Hawaii's history, culture, and conservation efforts of native plants and wildlife for the preservation of Old Hawai'i.
Contact: Martha Vockrodt-Moran (

Daniel D. Palmer Pteridophytes Collection

This collection is currently being curated and will be accessioned into the main herbarium collection in 2016. In the fall of 2013, Dr. Dan Palmer collaborated with Michael Thomas to donate his collection of more than 2,600 fern and bryophyte specimens to the Joseph F. Rock Herbarium, the UH botanical specimen repository. Dr. Palmer resides near to the UH Manoa campus, and he is still researching his specimens as a adjunct faculty member.

Reference: The Gift Of Daniel Palmer’s Hobby
Contact: Tom A. Ranker (


Contact: ()
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Ethnobotany of the Alor Archipelago, Indonesia

Given rapid changes in human-environment interactions, ethnobotanical knowledge is particularly susceptible to loss, even in relatively vibrant linguistic communities (Hill, 2001; Zent 2001). The situation is even more dire in endangered language communities, reflecting what has been called "stylistic shrinkage," the uneven impact of language loss on distinct domains of discourse and semantics. This project targets this particularly endangered domain of traditional ecological knowledge in the Abui communities; it will produce highly reliable and extensive (particularly given the per project budget) documentation on nomenclature, classification, and use of local flora combined with expert determinations to species provided by a team of uniquely qualified taxonomists.

The primary goal of the proposed field work is to conduct research on traditional botanical knowledge of Abui language speaker which is located around Alor-Pantar area of East Nusa Tenggara by collecting documentation based on the following activities:
(1) collecting voucher specimens for herbarium deposit and determination to species;
(2) creating high-quality photographic images of each specimen; and
(3) video-recording, transcribing and translating conversations about knowledge of each specimen in Abui language. Following this field work voucher specimens will be used to provide precise botanical identifications, and a lexical database of plant knowledge will be created.

Contact: Gary Holton (Linguistics) ()

Fungi of Hawaii (Myco Portal)

The Mycology Collections Portal (MyCoPortal) Hawaiian Islands data is presented. Using the Symbiota ( system of virtual online floras, these data are directly accessible to dynamically generate geo-referenced species checklists, distribution maps, and interactive identification keys, all linked with a rich collection of digital imagery documenting fungal diversity of North America.
Contact: Tom Ranker (

Haleakalā National Park

The Haleakalā National Park museum collection documents the cultural and natural history of the park and exemplifies its physical resources. The collection is divided into three main categories: natural history, cultural resources and archives. The natural history collection is represented by biological specimens and geological samples. The herbarium includes native and non-native plants that have been collected from the park and East Maui. The entomological collection consists of mounted native and non-native insects collected within the island of Maui. The cultural resources collection is represented by archeological, historical and ethnographic objects and works of art. The archives consist mostly of documents and photographs about the history, development and management activities of the park. The archives have not been processed and finding aids (lists summarizing the contents) are currently unavailable.
Contact: Elizabeth Gordon (

Harvard University Herbaria

Contact: Charles Davis. Director, Harvard University H (

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

The park's herbarium collection includes over 6,000 cataloged vascular plants, lichens, bryophytes, marine algae, and seeds. The collection was initiated by Otto Degener, a former professor of botany at the University of Hawai'i, when he took over the interpretive program at the park in 1929. Degener himself contributed 25 specimens to the collection starting in 1922 and continuing until 1982.

Other early collectors contributed specimens to the herbarium as well; K.L. Fowler – 53 specimens (1937), H. Morley – 155 specimens (1934-1943), G.E. Olson – 115 specimens (1936-1940), P.H. Baldwin – 30 specimens (1941-1971) and last, but most significantly, G.O. Fagerlund and A.L. Mitchell – 700 specimens (1933-1945) with a couple of specimens in the 1970's). In subsequent years more than 3,000 vascular plants, bryophytes and mosses were added to the cataloged collection during resource management activities, inventory and monitoring, and other authorized scientific research. P.K. Higashino, T. Herat, K. Herat, and L.W. Pratt were major contributors to the collection as well as many others. The collection includes specimens of 33 endangered species.

The scope of the collection encompasses; specimens from within the boundaries of the park and immediately adjacent to the park, specimens from the island of Hawai'i which, because of the dynamic nature of the plants, may become species of concern to resource management in the future, specimens from other islands in the Hawaiian chain of interest for genetic/evolutionary research and/or of interest due to future possible migration to the park, and specimens from the greater Pacific region of interest for their historic or evolutionary ties to the flora of Hawai'i.

Collecting continues within the park by resource management staff to document occurrence of native species and their distribution patterns as well as the documentation of alien species and their distribution. Collecting is also connected with legi
Contact: Tracy Laqua (

Hawaiian Plant DNA Library

Since 1992, the University of Hawaii has been collecting and extracting DNA from native Hawaiian plants. This has culminated in the production of the Hawaiian Plant DNA Library (HPDL) with over 6,380 accessions to date. Although many of these collections are of multiple individuals in plant populations, there are extensive collections from various trips throughout the islands. Approximately 86% of the plant genera in Hawaii are represented and over 50% of the species. Many of these plants are endangered, and some are also extinct in the wild.

DNA is available for use by all researchers. Most DNA was extracted using a modification of the CTAB and then purified by banding in cesium chloride.

The majority of the accessions were obtained from natural populations, many accessions were also obtained from plants grown in various arboreta and botanical gardens. These collections include: Amy Greenwell Ethnobotanic Garden (Hawaii), Foster Gardens (Oahu), Lyon Arboretum (Oahu), National Tropical Botanical Garden (Kauai), and Waimea Botanical Garden (Oahu).

  • Randell, R.A. and C.W. Morden. 1999. Hawaiian Plant DNA library II: endemic, indigenous, and introduced species. Pacific Science 53: 401-417.
  • Morden, C. W., V. C. Caraway, T. J. Motley. 1996. Development of a DNA library for native Hawaiian plants. Pacific Science 50: 324-335.

  • Contact: Cliff Morden (

    Hawaiian Vascular Plants, UH Manoa

    This collection includes specimens collected for BOT661 Hawaiian Vascular Plants. Identification, systematics, evolution, and biogeography of native plants. Field trips.
    Pre: 461 or consent. (2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) 3 credits.

    Instructor: Cliff Morden
    Contact: Cliff Morden (

    Herbarium of the IRD Noumea, New Caledonia

    Founded in 1963, the Herbarium of the IRD Noumea (NOU) is a regional herbarium, occupying a room of 85 m² dedicated to collections. The samples are stored in wooden racks. Fruit specimens are stored in plastic containers. The silicate and alcohol specimens are stored in a refrigerator. The herbarium collection consists of approximately 85,000 specimens of vascular plants, including 700 types (mainly isotypes). 90% of the collection is dedicated to the flora of New Caledonia and the remaining 10% of the flora of other Pacific regions (Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Vanuatu, Wallis & Futuna). The collection also includes 400 fruit specimens and hundreds of samples conserved in silicate and alcohol. The taxonomy is based on the taxonomic database “Florical” of the indigenous flora of New-Caledonia (Morat et al., in press).
    Contact: Sandrine Isnard (

    Herbarium Pacificum (Bishop Museum)

    The Herbarium Pacificum (BISH) collection consists of more than 710,000 plant, algae and fungi specimens. Our emphasis is on Hawai‘i and the Pacific Basin, but we also house representative material from other world regions. The collections of Hawaiian plants form the largest and most comprehensive assemblage of such specimens in the world, with approximately 187,000 specimens.

    Numerous collections of major importance to Hawaii and Pacific botany and phycology are located at BISH, including those by H. St. John, F.R. Fosberg, O. Degener, J.F. Rock, C.N. Forbes, B.C. Stone, D.R. Herbst, W.L. Wagner, D. Nelson, U.J. Faurie, G.C. Munro, H. Mann, W.T. Brigham, I.A. Abbott, and M.S. Doty. Type specimens have been imaged at high resolution and are available online via JSTOR's Global Plants and are housed in a fire-protected room.

    Contact: Barbara Kennedy, Collections Manager (

    Hilo Union School campus landscape

    Hilo Union Elementary teachers deliver standards-based instruction using best practices. Balanced Literacy is at the core of English language arts instruction in this inclusion school. Teachers in grades four to six specialize in language arts, math, or science/social studies. This configuration gives emphasis to key subject areas in preparation for the Hawaii State Assessment. The school has a Keiki Ohana program to supports students’ transition into school or during challenging times. A Sixth Grade Academy helps transition students to middle school. Student support programs include a one-to-one tutoring utilizing volunteers to work with students on reading comprehension, accelerated math sessions for fifth graders, and Response to Intervention services. A School Community Council represented by the administration, teachers, parents, community and students reviews the academic and financial plan and supporting parent activities at school.
    Contact: Debra Cheever-Follett (Debra_Cheever-Follett/HILOUN/HIDOE@notes.k12.)

    Joseph F. Rock Herbarium

    Mostly specimens from the Hawaiian Islands and other Pacific islands.
    Contact: Tom A. Ranker (

    Joseph F. Rock Herbarium (Univ. of Hawaii)

    Founded in 1908, the Joseph F. Rock Herbarium (HAW) serves the official university repository for botanical plant specimens and includes the Lyon Arboretum specimen collection. It is the result of decades of plant exploration by some of the leading researchers in the Pacific basin and collections continue to expand. Today, the herbarium is part of the University Museum Consortium, and comprises approximately 50,000 dried preserved plant specimens.

    Mission: The mission of the herbarium is to maintain and expand the collection to make a thorough representation of Hawaiian and Pacific Island flora, with particular emphasis on vascular plants. For more than 100 years, the herbarium has been a focal point for teaching, training, and education on the flora of Hawai'i and the Pacific.

    Contact: Tom A. Ranker (

    Kalaupapa National Historic Park

    Kalaupapa National Historical Park maintains a small herbarium in its museum collection to serve as a biological inventory of the landscape. The collection also supports the mission to illustrate and document the compelling story of separation forced by a devastating disease and the nationally significant natural and cultural resources found within its boundaries. The museum collection, first managed in 1987, contains over 300,000 objects including 70 linear feet of archival documents, primarily representing the late twentieth century experiences of patient-residents' within the Kalaupapa Settlement. A growing portion of the collection is made up of archeological assemblages and representative natural history specimens as the NPS continues to inventory resources associated with the park.
    Contact: T. Scott Williams (

    Kalaupapa National Historical Park Landscape (Arboretum)

    Kalaupapa National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located in Kalaupapa, Hawaiʻi, on the island of Molokaʻi. Coterminous with the boundaries of Kalawao County and primarily on Kalaupapa peninsula, it was established by Congress in 1980 to expand upon the earlier National Historic Landmark site of the Kalaupapa Leper Settlement. It is administered by the National Park Service.

    Its goal is to preserve the cultural and physical settings of the two leper colonies on the island of Molokaʻi, which operated from 1866 to 1969 and had a total of 8500 residents over the decades. More than 7300 people live on the remainder of the island, which was a site of cattle ranching and pineapple production for decades. Much of these lands were purchased and controlled by the owners and developers of Molokai Ranch. This part of the island is also a tourist destination.
    Contact: Carrie Mardorf (

    Lyon Arboretum - Hawaiian Rare Plant Program

    To increase the appreciation of the unique flora of Hawai`i and the tropics, by conserving, curating, and studying plants and their habitats; providing inclusive educational opportunities; encouraging use by the broader community; and supporting the educational, scientific, and service activities of the University of Hawai`i.
    Contact: Nellie Sugii (808) 988-0456 (

    Malacology Collection

    Collection Size: Approximately 6,000,000 specimens in over 248,000 lots (9th largest mollusk collection in the U.S.).

    Collection History: The first conchological acquisition of the Bishop Museum was the Andrew Garrett collection, purchased in 1894. HihiwaiThe subsequent history of the collection is largely a history of numerous expeditions and field trips in the Pacific, and of the acquisition of more than 30 major private collections, containing predominantly Pacific material. Most notable in the marine collection is the acquisition between 1948 and 1963 of the Thaanum-Langford collection, consisting of approximately 160,000 specimens from all over the Pacific.
    Contact: Norine Yeung (

    Mānoa Heritage Center

    Founded in 1996 by preservationists Sam and Mary Cooke, the Mānoa Heritage Center is a non-profit organization, whose mission is to promote the thoughtful stewardship of the natural and cultural heritage of Hawai‘i. This remarkable site consists of Kūka‘ō‘ō Heiau, a Native Hawaiian garden and Kūali‘i, a Tudor-style house, built in 1911 that is presently the Cookes' private residence. The heiau and historic home are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

    Currently, only Kūka‘ō‘ō Heiau and garden tours are available, guided by well-trained, knowledgeable and enthusiastic volunteer docents. Reservations are needed with two-week advance notice preferred. The Center is committed to preserving and interpreting the heiau, the Native Hawaiian garden, the historic home, Cooke family history and the natural and cultural account of Mānoa Valley for visitors to discover and appreciate!
    Contact: Margo Vitarelli (

    Maui Nui Botanical Garden

    Maui Nui Botanical Gardens (MNBG) is dedicated to the protection of Maui Nui’s rich native plants and cultural heritage. By collecting, cultivating, and distributing native and Polynesian-introduced plants MNBG provides people with a gathering place to see and understand the important relationship these plants have to our economic, social, and cultural livelihoods. In addition, through partnerships, we expand the reach of our activities to many of Maui Nui’s managed native habitats as well as schools, hula halau, and other civic and not-for-profit groups. As MNBG reaches out to groups outside of the Gardens, we also draw people in through interpretation of our living collection (native and Polynesian-introduced plantings in the Gardens) and the hiring of local cultural practitioners to demonstrate and teach their crafts to visitors of the Gardens. MNBG incorporates water conservation techniques like xeriscaping, and provides a place where people can learn about money saving water conservation methods.
    Maui Nui Botanical Gardens welcomes you to come and explore our collection, talk with the staff, and learn about our environmental and cultural heritage
    Contact: Tamara Sherrill (

    Mesophotic Algae of Hawaii

    Contact: Dr. Alison Sherwood (

    Musée de Tahiti et des Îles (French Polynesia)

    The herbarium was created in 1981 by the IRD botanist Jacques Florence. It has been stored at the museum since 1992. Around 15,000 specimens, and 200 flowers and seeds stored in alcohol, represent more of the 1500 species collected throughout the French Polynesian archipelagos and Pitcairn. Some of the oldest elements of the herbarium, dating back to 1847, were given by the Musée d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris.

    History Musée de Tahiti et des îles - Te Fare Manaha is a territorial public institution which opened its doors on the 7th of March 1974 by decision of the Territorial Assembly. On the 30th of March 1977, three out of four permanent exhibition rooms were opened to the public, before opening completely on June 30th, 1979.

    At the time, the museum was part of the Polynesian Centre for Human Sciences (C.P.S.H – Te Anavaharau), alongside the archeological and oral traditions departments. When the C.P.S.H closed in 2000, the museum became an autonomous administrative public institution called “Musée de Tahiti et des Iles – Te Fare Iamanaha”.

    Five years later, the museum took its current name “Musée de Tahiti et des Iles – Te Fare Manaha”, alluding to both the existing relationship between Tahiti and the other 118 islands of French Polynesia, and the Polynesian traditions it is anchored in as “house of hidden treasures”.
    Contact: Ms. Théano Jaillet (

    National Park of American Samoa

    The National Park of American Samoa is a national park in the American Territory of American Samoa, distributed across three separate islands: Tutuila, Ofu, and Ta‘ū. The park preserves and protects coral reefs, tropical rainforests, fruit bats, and the Samoan culture. It is popular for hiking and snorkeling. Of the park's 13,500 acres (5,500 ha), 9,000 acres (3,600 ha) is land and 4,500 acres (1,800 ha) is coral reefs and ocean.[3] It is the only American national park south of the Equator. The park maintains a small herbarium with 905 specimens, collected during two projects. The first project was conducted by Art Whistler and the second was led by Diane Ragone of the National Tropical Botanical Garden.
    Contact: Samantha Richert (

    National Tropical Botanical Garden

    NTBG’s herbarium grew by 1,791 specimens in 2014 and currently holds over 72,000 vouchers. The databasing and barcoding of 43,500 specimens plus the photographing of 33,700 specimens was accomplished, making these data publically available. The herbarium specimens are one of the NTBG's oldest collections and are housed at the institution's research headquarters in Hawai'i. They consists of preserved, dried and pressed plant specimens (vouchers), which serve as a considerable resource for scientific research, including floristic and systematic studies. The collections concentrate on plants of the Hawaiian Islands and the tropical Pacific region. The institution has amassed the most comprehensive modern collection of vouchers of Hawaiian and Marquesan plants anywhere, including a number of species that are extinct. Plant specimens are acquired through hundreds of collecting expeditions by NTBG field botanists, as well as gifts for identification and exchanges with other institutions. Each specimen is meticulously documented. It is identified by botanical experts and detailed information is recorded about the location where plant was collected. The value of NTBG's herbarium collections is enhanced by its proximity to the living collections and to the library collection.

    Contact: David H. Lorence, Director of Science (

    National University of Samoa

    Contact: Patila Amosa ()

    New Zealand Virtual Herbarium

    New Zealand’s herbaria house over one million specimens of plant, algae and fungi. The collecting information stored with these specimens provides an important picture of the distribution of New Zealand’s flora. The New Zealand Virtual Herbarium (NZVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to this invaluable information. The New Zealand Virtual Herbarium (NZVH) is an on-line botanical information resource accessible via the internet. It provides access to a wealth of data associated with the scientific collections of plant and fungi specimens kept by New Zealand's herbaria. These data are of particular value for establishing the verified geographic distribution of plants and fungi in New Zealand. The NZVH is a collaborative project involving 11 herbaria in New Zealand, developed under the auspices of the New Zealand National Herbarium Network. Collection data will be added progressively to the NZVH. Databasing and verification are the responsibility of individual herbaria and are progressing at different rates as resources permit. About 650,000 specimens are currently databased, and the number is increasing all the time.
    Contact: (

    NYBG, C.V. Starr Virtual Herbarium

    The C.V. Starr Virtual Herbarium is the gateway to the digitized specimens of the William and Lynda Steere Herbarium. Currently, 2.5 million specimen records and 1.5 million images are available. The records presented in this collection are all from Oceania.

    Contact: Barbara Theirs (

    O`ahu Army Natural Resource Program

    OANRP maintains a small herbaium of primarily threatened or endangered plants. OANRP oversees compliance with the Federal Endangered Species Act (ESA), Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (FWCA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and the Sikes Act. The goal of the program is to effectively balance the requirements of the Army's training mission with it's natural resource responsibilities
    Contact: Cliff Smith, Program Manager (

    Palau International Coral Reef Center

    The Palau International Coral Reef Center (PICRC) is Palau’s leading research and aquarium institution with a mission to guide efforts supporting coral reef stewardship through research and its applications for the people of Palau, Micronesia, and the world. Our vision is people empowered with science and knowledge for effective marine conservation and management. Our work are locally and internationally relevant and contribute to better informed decision-making regarding use, management and conservation of marine resources.
    Contact: Dr. Yimnang Golbuu, CEO/Chief Researcher (

    Papua New Guinea Forest Research Institute

    Approximately 300,000 specimens. Mainly vascular plants, few bryophytes of Papua New Guinea, Irian Jaya, and Solomon Islands (excluding Santa Cruz); some southeastern Asia, Indonesia, and tropical Australia. Important collections: L. J. Brass, L. Craven, J. R. Croft, R. D. Hoogland, R. Pullen, J. C. Saunders, R. Schodde, W. Takeuchi
    Date Founded: 1944.
    Contact: Robert Kiapranis, Director (

    Pohakuloa Training Area Herbarium

    Contact: Steven Evans (
    Home Page:

    Solomon Islands National Herbarium

    The Solomon Islands herbarium collection was relocated to Suva in Fiji in 2000 for safe-keeping as a result of civil unrest in the capital of Honiara. Since this time, the specimens have not been returned as result of a lack appropriate facilities. The 1993 state of environment report (Leary, 1993) stated that the Herbarium collection contains more than 30,000 plant specimens collected during the period 1965-1972 by forestry workers, E. S Brown from the Agriculture Division (1954-1956), Geoff Dennis (1965-1972) and D. Glenny and M. Qusa (1990-1991). Plans are now underway to relocated the The National Herbarium at the Honiara Botanical Garden next year. The Solomon Islands, with its abundance of ecosystems, is home to an estimated 7,000 or more native species. Due to massive deforestation and the cultivation of oil palm, cocoa and other cash crops, however, the coverage of native forests is gradually diminishing. Native species are under threat, and many face extinction. The Solomon Islands government currently runs the National Herbarium and Botanical Gardens.

    Contact: Myknee Sirikolo (

    Systematics of Vascular Plants, UH Manoa

    This collection includes specimens collected for BOT461 Systematics of Vascular Plants. Hands-on experience with Hawai’i’s unique tropical flora; emphasis on recognition and identification of vascular plant families and the principles and methodologies that define them; evolution of biodiversity. 4 credits. Instructor: Dr. Tom Ranker
    Contact: Tom Ranker (
    Home Page:

    Tonga National Herbarium

    The Tonga National Herbarium is maintained by the Ministry Agriculture and Food, Forestry, and Fisheries at the Vaini Research Station. It contains more than 3000 specimens from several collectors including Hurliman, G. Yuncker, G. Buelow, and Art Whistler.

    The modern period of collecting in Tonga began with the work of G. Buelow, who worked in Tonga from 1977 to 1983 as a Peace Corps voluneer, and compiled by far the largest collection of any botanist working in Tonga. He collected throughout Tonga, but his work has never been published. His specimens are stored at the Christchurch Herbarium in New Zealand, and the Bishop Museum. At about the same time (1977 and 1978) another significant, but smaller, collection was made by W.R. Sykes on ‘Eua, Vava‘u, and Late. His collections are a basis for his fern study of ‘Eua (Sykes 1977) and a vegetation study of Late (Sykes 1981). However, Sykes’ collections, which probably number over 900 (nos. 1 to 903), are stored at Christchurch, but have never been published. A complication in the counting of Buelow and Sykes’ specimens exists because they collected together on Vava‘u and Late, with their “Buelow & Sykes” numbers numbering about 286 specimens, starting from “1.” The most recent large collection of Tongan plants was made by Whistler. Information from these collections and his fieldwork in Tonga are the basis of a comparison of the vegetation of Tonga with that of Samoa (Whistler 1992), but little taxonomic work has been done on these specimens. His collections, which number about 1514 (nos. 4973–4983, 5940–6779, 7103–7502, 9873–9874, 10542–10734, 11339–11354, 11674–11705, 11778–11784, 12165–12178), are stored in Whistler's personal collection at the University of Hawai‘i Joseph F. Rock Herbarium, with numerous duplicates in various other herbaria.
    Contact: Waikato Aholelei (

    UH Manoa Campus Plants

    The University of Hawai'i at Manoa is home to more than 500 species plants. They intrigue campus visitors and provide students and professors with a living outdoor botanical laboratory.
    Contact: David Strauch (

    United States National Herbarium

    This dataset contains only Pacific Island database records. The United States National Herbarium was founded in 1848, when the first collections were accessioned from the United States Exploring Expedition (50,000 specimens of 10,000 species). Current holdings total 5 million specimens, making this collection among the ten largest in the world representing about 8% of the plant collection resources of the United States.

    Melinda Peters, Acquisitions and Exchange,
    Meghann Toner, Herbarium Manager/Visitors, Interim Loans Officer,
    Joseph Kirkbride,
    Contact: Rusty Russell, Program Director for Collectio (

    University of Guam Herbarium

    The University of Guam Herbarium specializes in research on the insular floras of Guam, the northern Mariana Islands and Micronesia, a region in the western tropical Pacific of over 2000 islands in an area the size of the continental United States. Important collections include those of P.H. Moore, A.F. Rinehart, B.C. Stone and R.T. Tsuda. The Herbarium contains over 57,000 specimens (with 46,000 phanerogams and pteridophytes) and is listed in the Index Herbariorum, the world directory of public herbaria. We currently seek inquiries for exchange of specimens, which should be directed via post to the Curator.

    The UOG Herbarium was established to further the knowledge of the plants of Guam and other islands of Micronesia. A large collection of exemplars collected world-wide is devoted to teaching. The collections also serve as a reference tool for local and visiting scientists. Systematic research is published in technical papers and peer-reviewed publications for the wider scientific community. Herbarium staff provide expertise in botany for local needs, such as environmental impact assessments and conservation and management efforts via surveys and the assembling of inventories of protected areas.

    Reference: The University of Guam: The first Forty-Five Years.

    Contact: Wei Xiao (

    University of Papua New Guinea

    Contact: Osia Gideon, Director (
    Home Page:

    University of South Pacific (Fiji)

    The South Pacific Regional Herbarium (SPRH) was established in 1993 by the Fiji Department of Agriculture and was then known as the Fiji Herbarium (Suva). The University of the South Pacific (USP), through theInstitute of Applied Sciences, assumed responsibility for the maintenance and administration of the facility in 1982. It currently houses more than 40,000 vascular plant specimens in the main collection. It also has a wet collection of plant parts, bryophytes and algae from the Pacific region. The SPRH serve the member countries of the USP which consists of the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshalls Islands, Nauru, Niue,Niue, Solomon Island, Samoa, Tonga, Tokelau, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. The SPRH serves as a very important resource in matters pertaining to the taxonomy, conservation and ecology of plants, forestry, land use planning, economic plants and weed problems in the region. As a member of an international network of herbaria, the SPRH participates in programs with other international herbaria to maintain collections of botanical plants specimens for study by both local and international botanists and scientists working in associated fields.

    Contact: Marika Tuiwawa (

    Vanuatu National Herbarium

    The herbarium has more than 18,000 specimens with about 11,000 records databased. The main collections come from Aneityum, Tanna, Erromango, Efate, Santo, Malakula, Ambrym and Vanua lava islands. Specimens collected before 1971 are disseminated in overseas herbaria such as Bishop Museum in Hawaii, Victoria USA, Brisbane, and Kew in England, Netherlands and Museum d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris. With an assistance of IRD (Institute de recherché et du development) from New Caledonia and a contribution of the Department of Forestry, the herbarium has been relocated in a new Forestry office with new cabinetry and air conditioning to accommodate specimens.

    Contact: Chanel Sam, Curator (

    Varietal Diversity of Kava (Piper methysticum) from Vanuatu.

    Effects of Varietal Diversity on the Selection of Psychoactive Plants in the Pacific

    This study will investigate patterns of different kava varieties grown and consumed in Hawaiʻi and Vanuatu, to identify factors contributing to their production and consumption, and to identify major knowledge gaps. The presence of Piper methysticum within the Oceania archipelago has been well documented; however, the botanical variations of kava cultivars and their influence on selection need further investigation. The objective of this study is to develop consumer awareness of kava consumption, understand the role that local producers play in applying their knowledge to the kava growth process, and to catalog what varieties of locally grown kava would be open to the global market. Preliminary data will be compiled from photos, literature, and plant specimens found in Hawaiʻi and Vanuatu. Surveys, semi-structured interviews and focus groups with farmers, producers, consumers, and retailers will be conducted, as well as visits to farms, production sites, and other facilities, where participant observation and field walks will be used to assess factors influencing varietal diversity. Data will be analyzed using indices to determine varietal importance to help map out the complex nature and number of varieties. Identifying and describing the mechanisms of varietal selection will provide insight into future pathways as kava enters the global market. This study will also provide information on cultivar abundance, allowing us to see which varieties require more attention to ensure their survival. Information obtained on kava growth and consumption will be used to analyze the multidimensional concept of “importance” into standardized and comparable numerical scales or values.
    Contact: Andrew Gerren (

    Waimea Valley Botanical Garden

    Contact: Josie Hoh (

    War in the Pacific National Park

    Contact: Mike Gawel (

    Windward Community College

    'O keia ka wā kūpono e ho'onui ai ka 'ike me ka ho'omaopopo i kō Hawai'i mau ho'oilina waiwai. Aia nō ho'i ma ke Kulanui Kaiāulu o ke Ko'olau nā papahana hou o nā 'ike 'akeakamai a me nā hana no'eau. Me ke kuleana ko'iko'i e ho'ohiki ke Kulanui e kāko'o a e ho'okumu i ala e hiki kē kōkua i ka ho'onui 'ike a nā kānaka maoli. Na mākou nō e ho'olako, kāko'o a paipai i nā Ko'olau a kō O'ahu a'e me nā hana no'eau ākea, ka ho'ona'auao 'oihana a me ka ho'onui 'ike ma ke kaiāulu — hō'a'ano a e ho'oulu i nā haumāna i ka po'okela.

    Windward Community College offers innovative programs in the arts and sciences and opportunities to gain knowledge and understanding of Hawai‘i and its unique heritage. With a special commitment to support the access and educational needs of Native Hawaiians, we provide O‘ahu’s Ko‘olau region and beyond with liberal arts, career and lifelong learning in a supportive and challenging environment — inspiring students to excellence.

    Contact: Tom A. Ranker (