Micronesian Plants and People
Authors: Mark D. Merlin
Citation: Merlin, M. 2016. People and Plants of Micronesia. University of Hawaii at Manoa.
Locality: Micronesia (22.024550, 145.898440)
Abstract:

This database presents Micronesian plants and their uses from the main islands of the Federated States of Micronesia: Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap. Much of this information was painstakingly collected in various islands of Micronesia as fieldwork for a series of books authored by University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Professor of Ethnobotany Dr. Mark Merlin. This is a work in progress.  


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Families: 74
Genera: 165
Species: 198
Total Taxa (details): 204

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Crinum asiaticum L. - poisonbulb
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don - Madagascar periwinkle
Plumeria rubra L. - frangipani
Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott - arrowleaf elephant's ear
Areca catechu L. - betel palm
Cocos nucifera L. - Coconut Palm
Metroxylon amicarum (H. Wendl.) Becc. - Caroline ivory nutpalm
Ptychosperma sp. - ptychosperma
Asplenium nidus L. - Hawai'i birdnest fern
Tournefortia argentea L.f. - velvetleaf soldierbush
Crateva religiosa G. Forst. - sacred garlic pear
Casuarina equisetifolia L. - common ironwood
Terminalia catappa L. - Indian almond
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. - water spinach
Ipomoea violacea L. - heavenlyblue morningglory
Cycas circinalis L. - queen sago
Cyperus javanicus Houtt. - Javanese flatsedge
Cyperus rotundus L. - purple nutsedge
Fimbristylis cymosa R. Br. - tropical fimbry
Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. - shortleaf spikesedge
Dioscorea alata L. - winged yam
Native to Malaysia or western Melanesia, abundant in home gardens or other cultivated areas; Steve Perlman 20774 [BNM], Carl A. Salsedo 12 [BNM]
widespread in many tropical areas, common, Canoe Plant (Polynesian Introduction). The nuts are a source of food and useful body oil.; T. Amano 5926 [HAW]
Jatropha curcas L. - physic nut
Adenanthera pavonina L. - red sandlewood
Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. - woman's-tongue tree
Canavalia sp. - jackbean
Derris trifoliata Lour. - threeleaf derris
Erythrina variegata L. - tiger's claw
Mimosa invisa Mart. ex Colla - giant false sensitive plant
Senna alata (L.) Roxb. - emperor's candlesticks
Hyptis capitata Jacq. - false ironwort
Abutilon sp. - Indian mallow
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. - silk cotton tree
Hibiscus sp. - rosemallow
Sida fallax Walp. - yellow `ilima
Sida rhombifolia L. - Cuban-jute
Melastoma malabathricum L. - Malabar melastome
Boerhavia diffusa L. - red spiderling
Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. - great bougainvillea
Pisonia grandis R.Br. - grand devil's-claws
Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H.Raven - Mexican primrose-willow
Ophioglossum reticulatum L. - netted adder's-tongue
Oxalis corniculata L. - yellow wood sorrel
Piper betle L. - betel pepper
Cenchrus echinatus L. - field sandbur
Acrostichum aureum L. - golden leatherfern
Pteris tripartita Sw. - giant brake
Morinda citrifolia L. - Indian mulberry
Psychotria sp. - wild coffee
Citrus aurantium L. - bergamot orange
Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. - hopseed bush
Capsicum annuum L. - cayenne pepper
Nicotiana tabacum L. - cultivated tobacco
Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) Kuntze - Polynesian arrowroot
Laportea interrupta (L.) Chew - Polynesian nettle
Lantana camara L. - nettleleaf shrubverbena
Vitex trifolia L. - simpleleaf chastetree
Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin - threeleaf cayratia