Authors: Michael B. Thomas
Locality: Hawaiian Islands (21.299250, -157.816330)
UH Mānoa campus has several kinds of special, celebrated trees, which commemorate people and events important to the university. In addition to the trees designated as exceptional, 30 individual trees are designated as Memorial Trees, based on the importance of the individual or event accompanying its planting. According to a updated inventory performed by the UH Mānoa Landscape Advisory Committee in 2004, the following trees have been designated as Memorial Trees.
Reference: UHM Campus Heritage Report (2008). University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, School of Architecture.
Notes: How to Cite: M.B. Thomas, J.F. Rock Herbarium, University of Hawaii at Manoa. 2016. Consortium of Pacific Herbaria Database (CPH). Available from: http://www.pacificherbaria.org/ (date accessed)
Species: 21 (species rank)
Total Taxa: 23 (including subsp. and var.)
Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd. - Varnish tree
In memory of Dr. Vincent Jay Defeo, One of the most important trees in Hawai‘i, used in many ways: fruit and oil for light or polish; bark for dye; lightweight wood for house timbers and canoes; endosperm roasted and eaten with salt as‘inamona relish; seed for lei. It is the kinolau of Lono and the official tree of the State of Hawai‘i, and is favored by the White or fairy tern, manu-o-Kū. Planted March 1, 2008 Diamond Head side of BioMed building.
Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz - sea putat
In memory of Rufus C. Harris, Tree in the brazil-nut family, Lecythidaceae. Native to the south Pacific. Large white flowers that open in the evening and fall in the morning. The poisonous fibrous fruit contains seeds that are grated and used to catch fish by poisoning them. Planted 1922.
Bauhinia X blakeana Dunn - Blake
In memory of Dianne Goldenberg, Tree in the legume family, Fabaceae. Although now cultivated in many areas, it originated in Hong Kong in 1880 and apparently all of the cultivated trees derive from one cultivated at the Hong Kong Botanic Gardens. Planted in 1990 on the mauka side lawn of the Art building.
Blighia sapida K. Koenig - akee
In memory of Dr. Nina L. Etkin - Professor of Anthropology, Introduced to the American tropics by enslaved Africans, and strongly associated with the Carribean. The fleshy arils of the fruit are prized as a food, and with salted cod comprise the national dish of Jamaica, although when unripe they are dangerously toxic. The genus is named for William Bligh, Cook's sailing master and later captain of the Bounty.
Cassia sp. - cassia
Planted by the wife of the University President, Makai of BioMed Building. The date and person recognized are unknown.
Clusia rosea Jacq. - Florida clusia
In memory of Daniel L. Marsh,, tree or shrub with stiff leaves that discolor when bruised, giving its common name; at one time were marked with numbers and design and used for playing cards. When cut the leaves and fruit exude a bright yellow sap which is used in medicine. Planted April 2, 1951 on the Diamond Head side of Bachman Hall.
Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. - Indian rubber fig
Dedicated to Starr Jordan, Large spreading tree in the fig / mulberry family, Moraceae. Native to India, used for an inferior latex product. Not to be confused with the Para rubber tree used for commercial rubber production. Planted 1928.
Ficus elastica cv. doescheri - Indian rubber tree
In memory of J. E. Wallace Sterling, Large spreading tree in the fig or mulberry family, Moraceae. A cross between these two species, planted as an ornamental. Planted May 4, 1956 between Sinclair Library and Hemingway Hall.
Handroanthus impetiginosa - pink trumpet tree
In memorial of Martin Luther King, A large tree in the trumpet-creeper family, Bignoniaceae. Native to Mexico through South America. Grown for its handsome foliage and profusion of attractive, tubular flowers. A common trait of this genus is that the tree completely defoliates and is replaced with flowers. Planted in 1994 near the Art Building. Original tree was a Clitorea racemosa planted in the lawn Diamond Head of Hamilton Library, present site of Paradise Palms Cafe, which blew down in 1993
Hydnocarpus anthelminticus Pierre ex Laness. - chaulmoogra
Dedicated to Alice A. Ball, for her work using the oil from the seed of this species to relieve symptoms of Hansen's disease (leprosy). A research chemist, College of Education instructor, African-American, and the first woman to receive a master's degree from the College of Hawai‘i (class of 1915), Ball extracted the oil's active ingredient in the 1910s, and based on her research, UH President Arthur L. Dean and others later refined the chaulmoogra extract into a partially effective treatment for the disease. This tree was was originally planted in 1935 by King Prajadhipok of Siam ‘ewa of old Farrington Hall, to honor Alice Ball for her work. When Queen Lili‘uokalani Student Services Center was built, the tree was relocated to its present place. This tree has a velvety brown fruit the size of a large orange, whose seeds contain Chaulmoogra oil, used as an important treatment for Hansen's disease (leprosy) before the use of sulfons in the 1940s. UH has one tree in our collection, planted to honor UH pioneer researcher and alumna Alice Ball. Originally planted near Farrington Hall for King Prajadhipok of Siam in 1935, the tree was relocated to Bachman Hall in 2000., source: https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/1837
Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. - banaba plant
In memory of James Wildern Horticulture student, Small tree in the loosestrife family, Lythraceae. Native to southern Asia. Sometimes planted as street tree in Hawai‘i, very showy in flower, but seasonal. Various extractions of the leaves and bark demonstrate medical value. Planted 1992, `ewa side of St. John Plant Science Building..
Licania platypus (Hemsl.) Fritsch - sun sapote
Planted on March 25, 1957 makai of Sinclair Library in honor of the 50th Anniversary of Manoa Campus.
Millettia pinnata (L.) Panigrahi - Indian beech
In memory of Harry David Gideonse, large tree in the legume family, Fabaceae. Native to temperate Asia Can grow anywhere (freezing, salt, arid, flooded). Used as medicine, lumber, green compost, and windbreaks / fence rows., Seed oil has been used as a feedstock for biodeisel. Planted March 25, 1955 makai of Bachman Hall.
Phoenix roebelenii O'Brien - pygmy date palm
Commemorating the 40th Anniversary of the UN, A relatively small pinnate palm attractive singly or planted in groups. Planted 1985 along Dole Street and Krauss Hall.
Plumeria rubra L. - frangipani
In memory of Mary Ku‘ulei Kuikainahaole, a gift from her Pauoa home, this plumeria tree is lovingly dedicated to Mary Ku‘ulei Kaikainahaole, who dubbed KOKUA "Kahi O Ka Ulu‘Ana" (The Place of Growing) Small ornamental tree with fragrant pink to red or rose-colored flowers, long-lasting and popular for lei. Planted July 1, 1993 on the Diamond Head side of the Queen Liliʻuokalani Center for Student Services.
Roseodendron donnell-smithii (Rose) Miranda - Gold Tree
In memory of F.G. Krauss; H. H. Warner; H. S. Wadsworth; Y. B. Goto, A large tree grown for its handsome foliage and profusion of attractive, tubular flowers. Planted 1959.
In memory of David Quinn, This campus tree was nominated as an Exceptional Tree to the City & County Exceptional Tree listing but failed to make it because at the time UH Planners envisioned putting a building in that would crowd out this magnificent specimen. Fortunately, the current design for the proposed Inouye Center plans to retain it, although the future of other specimens adjacent to Henke is in doubt. A large tree grown for its handsome foliage and profusion of attractive, tubular flowers. Planted in 1994 near Henke Hall.
In memory of Joyce Watson, a large tree grown for its handsome foliage and profusion of attractive, tubular flowers. Planted in 2003.
In memorial of Gary Niemeyer, Bob Harvey, and Mike Allen (Missing with UH Holoholo research ship). Two trees (originally three) planted in 1978 near HIG Building., source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MV_Holoholo
Roystonea sp. - royal palm
In memory of Harold Bitner, Adapted to the stormy Caribbean, these palms shed their pinnate leaves in high winds to prevent toppling in hurricanes. Volunteer trees on campus are sometimes hybrids of R. oleraca and R. regia.
Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. - raintree
In memory of Wally Gretz, the classic tropical shade tree with a large, dome-shaped canopy, one of the most common trees on campus. The wood is crafted into platters and bowls that are commonly marketed in Hawai‘i (though often produced elsewhere)., The pods have a sweet, sticky pulp suitable for fodder.
There are several additional campus specimens. Specimen one through seven are planted along Dole Street near Johnson Hall.
1. Theodore Anderson (Carnegie Visiting Professor) March 19, 1959.
2. H. Harvard Arneson (Carnegie Visiting Professor) March 19, 1959.
3. Lester V. Chandler (Carnegie Visiting Professor) March 19, 1959.
4. Robert E. Fitch (Carnegie Visiting Professor) March 19, 1959.
5. William B. Sarles (Carnegie Visiting Professor) March 19, 1959.
6. Laurence H. Snyder (New UH President) March 19, 1959.
7. Dael Wolfle (Charter Day Keynote Speaker) March 19, 1959.
Plantings eight through twelve are planted along University Avenue.
8. Avenue of the States; Torlief S. Aashelm (Extension Director of Montana) April 8, 1960.
9. Avenue of the States; Carl E. Frischknecht (Extension Director of Utah) April 8, 1960.
10. Avenue of the States; Carl Svinth (Extension Director of Washington) April 8, 1960.
11. Avenue of the States; George Starr (Extension Director of Wyoming) April 8, 1960.
12. Avenue of the States; A.E. Triviz (Extension Director of New Mexico) April 8, 1960.
Sterculia foetida L. - skunk tree
In memory of Liberty Hyde Bailey, A large tree in the cacao family, Sterculiaceae. Native to the Old World tropics. The flowers are skunk-scented which are followed by 1 - 5-parted attractive scarlet fruits and oblong black seeds about an inch long. The seeds are oily. Planted March 25, 1952.
Tabebuia heterophylla (DC.) Britton - white cedar
In memory of Herbert B. Weaver, A large tree grown for its handsome foliage and profusion of attractive flowers. Planted 1991.
Tectona grandis L. f. - teak
In memory of Harlow Shapley, Originally planted by George Hall in March 1947, and relocated during construction of Architecture Building. Tree in the verbena family, Verbenaceae. Native to India and Java. The wood is valued for heavy construction as well as fine furniture. Powdered wood is also used medicinally; young leaves and root bark yield a yellowish-brown dye. Planted near Andrews Outdoor Theater.
Thespesia grandiflora DC. - maga
In memory of Dr. Walter Mauer, A small tree in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Native to Puerto Rico where it is the national flower. Grown in Hawai‘i as an ornamental but valued elsewhere for its durable timber for fence posts and furniture.
Wallaceodendron celebicum Koord. - Banuyo
In memory of Joseph F. Rock, Tree in the legume family, Fabaceae. Native to tropical Asia. Tree used for woodworking, source: http://www.herbarium.hawaii.edu/wordpress/dr-joseph-f-rock/
Warszewiczia coccinea (Vahl) Klotzsch - Wild Poinsettia
In memory of Joseph T. Keeler, for his pioneering efforts in advancning diversified agriculture in Hawaii.