Rare, in the forest. On the basis of the few observations and herbarium collections of the species, it appears that flowering and fruiting occur in the middle to late rainy season, perhaps extending into the early dry season. When terrestrial, the plant is usually rooted in soil composed of a considerable amount of debris. Throughout tropical regions of the Western Hemisphere; tropical Africa and Madagascar; usually between sea level and 1,200 m elevation. In Panama' known from tropical moist forest in the Canal Zone, Veraguas, and Panama and from tropical wet forest in Coclé.